historicalfirearms:

July 28th 1914: Austria-Hungary Declares War on Serbia

The front page of The Washington Times above reports that following the unsatisfactory Serbian response to Austria’s July Ultimatum the Austro-Hungarian Empire have declared war on Serbia.  

The Ultimatum had been drafted to be unacceptable and while Serbia had agreed to all but one of the ten demands Austria took the opportunity to declare war on the small Balkan state on its southern border.   With Germany and Austro-Hungary declining to take part in suggested mediation talks. The declaration of war would suck Russia, Serbia’s ally, into the conflict forcing them to mobilise their forces.  

The resulting mobilisations snowballed Europe into a total war the likes of which it had never seen.  Following Germany’s declaration of war on Russia war between the rest of Europe’s major powers was inevitable.

Image One Source

Image Two Source

(via velociraptorwithaquillpen)

"I found your long letter waiting for me. It was so strange in a way to read something you had written before you saw me and when my coming back at all was only problematical. And now it seems to count for so little that I did come back at all, so little that I saw and talked with what was no longer a dream but a reality, and found in my Lady of the Letters a flesh and blood Princess. Did we dream it after all, dearest? No; for if we had it would have not hurt so much."
- Roland Leighton, in a letter to Vera Brittain 26/8/1915 (via verabrittain)

vera brittain

July 23rd, 1914

onehundredyearsagoineurope:

The presentation of the Austrian Ultimatum to Serbia at Belgrade at 6 p.m.. Austria-Hungary demands an answer within 48 hours. The ultimatum is published in Vienna shortly after.

Notably absent from their posts at the time of the presentation are the Serbian Prime Minister Pashich,…

velociraptorwithaquillpen asked:

Hi! Quick question: I was just looking at the Robert Graves quote you posted (& I reblogged) about trying to discuss poetry privately with Sassoon, and in glancing at the date, it occurred to me that even if you were using American date notation, "5/22/1915" wouldn't make sense for that letter; Sassoon didn't arrive in France until November 1915, and he and Graves weren't friends before that. Was the source was wrong? Or maybe it was supposed to be 5/12/1915? Anyhow, figured I'd ask. :)

Men Marched Asleep Answer:

Hmm. I pulled the quote from a book by Peter Vansittart called Voices From The Great War, but I suppose that he got the wrong date. I looked through some of the available correspondence between Graves and Edward Marsh in the First World War Poetry Archives and I couldn’t find that specific passage, so it might not be real at all…I’ll look into it a bit more.  

Good catch! 

*EDIT* I’ve found a book that looks like it has the quote in it, but it’s sourced to 1916. I’ll fix the date. Thanks again for catching that!

scrapironflotilla:

French soldiers wearing First World War-era uniforms parade on the Champs Elysees during the annual Bastille Day military parade in Paris, on July 14. 
As the vast majority of WW1 era photos we see are black and white, it’s often hard to imagine how they should look. Every so often it’s good to have a reminder that the War, and all of pre-colour history, looked as vibrant and real as life today.

scrapironflotilla:

French soldiers wearing First World War-era uniforms parade on the Champs Elysees during the annual Bastille Day military parade in Paris, on July 14. 

As the vast majority of WW1 era photos we see are black and white, it’s often hard to imagine how they should look. Every so often it’s good to have a reminder that the War, and all of pre-colour history, looked as vibrant and real as life today.

(Source: gettyimages.com)

peculiarcuriosities:

"Many animals were used during WW1. Horses, mules, dogs and pigeons were vulnerable to poison gases so that special protection was necessary for them. Horses were equipped with gas masks over their muzzles and were protected from inhalation of poison gases such as phosgene. Equine eyes were not affected by lachrymatory agents so that their masks consisted only of specially made nose bags but, unfortunately, these animal’s eyes were vulnerable to the effects of chlorine and vesicatory gases. Of the million British horses sent overseas to help with the war effort, only 62,000 returned home. This is the forgotten tragedy of the Great War – a conflict that pitched as many animals into the line of fire as it did humans. For years few knew of the unimaginable suffering of the beasts transported across the Channel to the Western Front."

peculiarcuriosities:

"Many animals were used during WW1. Horses, mules, dogs and pigeons were vulnerable to poison gases so that special protection was necessary for them. Horses were equipped with gas masks over their muzzles and were protected from inhalation of poison gases such as phosgene. Equine eyes were not affected by lachrymatory agents so that their masks consisted only of specially made nose bags but, unfortunately, these animal’s eyes were vulnerable to the effects of chlorine and vesicatory gases. Of the million British horses sent overseas to help with the war effort, only 62,000 returned home. This is the forgotten tragedy of the Great War – a conflict that pitched as many animals into the line of fire as it did humans. For years few knew of the unimaginable suffering of the beasts transported across the Channel to the Western Front."

deaths-praises:

First World War
German infantrymen attack through a cloud of poison gas. By the end of the war, both sides had employed various kinds of gas

deaths-praises:

"I don’t think I could stand any more. I had always hoped that my war experiences would, despite their misery and bitterness, act as a stimulus to my spiritual life, would heighten my compassion, would “strengthen my soul in all goodness.” But now I wanted to find a quiet spot where the world was at peace."
-

Florence Farmborough, November 1917

from The Beauty and The Sorrow by Peter Englund

peter englund the beauty and the sorrow women in the first world war history